Allergies and Asthma – Understanding Symptoms and Treatments - Nepal Medicos Times
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Allergies and Asthma – Understanding Symptoms and Treatments

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What is Asthma? Why is it classified as a type of allergy? Here’s a detailed explanation, allergies symptoms and treatments. Asthma is mainly caused by two reasons:
The contraction of the trachea (or the snorkel entering the lungs) prevents airflow from entering the lungs.
The trachea obstruction is caused by swelling of the trachea and secreting mucus.
Allergic reactions are one of the key causes of these two causes, which lead to dyspnea, chest pain, chronic cough, and wheezing. About 20 to 25% of people with nasal allergies also suffer from asthma. In contrast, 20 to 80% of asthma patients suffer from allergic rhinitis, and there is a correlation between the two. However, allergies are not the only cause of asthma. Another cause of asthma is air pollution.

Allergy symptoms and asthma

Allergies and asthma can lead to respiratory symptoms, such as cough or respiratory obstruction, although some symptoms are unique to a single disease. Allergy can cause the following symptoms:

  • Tears and itchy eyes
  • Sneezing and runny nose
  • Itchy throat rash and urticaria

Asthma generally does not cause the above symptoms, but people with asthma often have the following experience:

  • chest tightness
  • wheezing
  • Cough with difficulty breathing at night or early morning

Are there other symptoms possible?

Allergic reactions occur in other parts of the body and cause symptoms on that part, such as the following:


  • Itchy rash
  • Urticaria
  • indigestion
  • redness of the skin

Allergic reactions can occur simultaneously in one or more places in the body, on the other hand, allergic reactions of the same person may change due to time. For example, a newborn baby may have allergic eczema, which is more difficult to care for as they grow up, and older people may have neck pain, dry cough and abdominal pain.

Treatment of allergies and asthma

As we know, all symptoms are caused by body exposure to allergens that irritate the body and release chemicals that cause symptoms of illness. Therefore, the most reasonable treatment is to reduce exposure to foreign objects and, if possible, to review and change the environment, for example, if you are allergic to dogs and cats, stay away from them. If you are allergic to dust, you often clean the house and use an air purifier. If allergic reactions cannot be avoided, drugs should be used to prevent allergic reactions and alleviate symptoms.
For allergic rhinitis, use antihistamine or Decongestant drugs, either or both, depending on whether or not depending on the nasal congestion.
For first-generation antihistamine products such as Iphenhydramine hydrochloride (or Benadryl), patients may have drowsiness, work difficulties, or inability to driving and other side effects.
Second generation antihistamines, such as Loratadine, or Claritin, Fexofenadine, Hydrochloride, also known as Allegra, does not cause drowsiness. In addition, the doctor may add corticosteroid to the nasal sprays. However, antihistamines and decongestants act to slow symptoms rather than cure the disease. Treatment may require immunotherapy.
Consult a physician and follow the steps to limit exposure to allergens. Even people with both asthma and allergies can still effectively control both symptoms.