Everything you need to know about Haemorrhoids & Its Causes and Treatment options - Nepal Medicos Times
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Everything you need to know about Haemorrhoids & Its Causes and Treatment options

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Modern people are often in a high-pressure, stressful working environment. In this busy and fast pace life, of course, there will be a lot of negative effects on the human body, and haemorrhoids is one of the annoying things. For office workers, sitting in the office is often one of the causes of haemorrhoids. If you add an abnormal diet, haemorrhoids will give you this severe pain to remind you of its existence. This article describes the symptoms and causes of haemorrhoids, as well as possible treatments.

Introduction and Causes of Hemorrhoids

When varicose veins occur in or around the anus, the skin that is squeezed and protruded by the blood vessels is called hemorrhoids. We can subdivide it into internal hemorrhoids and external hemorrhoids, which are located in the rectum. It cannot be seen by the naked eye or directly touched with a finger; the latter is long outside the anus and can be touched directly by the finger, which also means that it is highly susceptible to external stimulation and pain.
In our daily activities, the pain caused by internal hemorrhoids may not be felt. However, during defecation, the internal hemorrhoids in the rectum are squeezed because the feces must go through the rectum to be excreted. and rubbing, causing pain and even bleeding occurs.
When it comes to defecation, constipation is another cause of hemorrhoids. When we have insufficient fiber intake, intestinal movement slows down, which reduces the chance of constipation. The moisture in the stool will slowly be recycled by the intestines, causing the stool to dry and harden, resulting in constipation difficulties. Due to the stiffening of the stool, it is easy to press the blood vessels in the anus and rectum when excreted, there is even a chance of tear. If prolonged constipation, the oppressed blood vessels will appear like varicose veins. Eventually it will turn into hemorrhoids.
Other factors associated with hemorrhoids, includes sedentary, standing, pregnancy, heredity or sexual behavior, can oppress rectal vessels and cause varicose veins.

Symptoms and ways to improve hemorrhoids

In addition to pain, itchiness and swelling, hemorrhoids can cause leakage. Other than hemorrhoids, such as walking too long, rubbing the hemorrhoids hurts, sitting in a chair pain, or stool pain. These symptoms affect our work performance and mood. In addition, for people who love sports, hardly any exercise does not irritate hemorrhoids, as long as there is frequent running or hard movement, hemorrhoids attacks can still occur and make people sore. In general, mild hemorrhoids do not require surgical removal. There are 3 ways to improve the hemorrhoids. However, if the hemorrhoids are severe, you should seek a doctor’s Professional diagnosis.

Rub ointment

Buying hemorrhoids ointment in pharmacy can reduce the discomfort of hemorrhoids.

Warm bath

It can help relieve redness or inflammation in about 10 to 15 minutes. If you don’t have a bathtub, you can buy a traditional bath tub or a hot water bottle instead.

Eat more high-fibre foods

As mentioned earlier, the fiber in food can greatly help defecation, so whether you are preventing haemorrhoids, or have already got haemorrhoids, it is recommended to increase the proportion of 3 meals of vegetables, eat fruit, or replace white rice with brown rice.


If the pain of the haemorrhoids is no longer relieved by means of smearing or soaking warm water, or its presence has affected your daily life, the doctor may consider surgery to remove the haemorrhoids.

Rubber band ligation

This method is often used to remove internal hemorrhoids. Doctors use equipment to tie the rubber band to the hemorrhoids, and use a way to block the blood flow. This method usually produces a slight bleeding in the first 2 days, but does not cause much discomfort, and the internal hemorrhoids fall off in about a week. If the bleeding condition is severe after surgery, please consult a doctor immediately.


Injection of the scleroid into the hemorrhoids makes it shrink; although this method will hardly cause any pain, it may not be effective with ligation.


Direct destruction of hemorrhoids by infrared or laser, often used to treat mild, smaller hemorrhoids


This method is mainly used in severe cases where internal hemorrhoids prolapse out of the anus. The doctor will remove the hemorrhoids directly after local anesthesia. However, because the wound is not small after the removal, the patient usually feels strong pain after the procedure.

Stapled hemorrhoidopexy

You can think of it as an evolutionary version of traditional hemorrhoidectomy, which results in smaller wounds after surgery, and is faster to recover. However, this new procedure is more suitable for mild internal hemorrhoids. For severe hemorrhoids prolapse, it may still require traditional resectomy.