Fatty Liver Disease Explained - Nepal Medicos Times
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Fatty Liver Disease Explained

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Obesity is a healthier killer, even more inexorable to liver. According to World Health Organization (WHO) standards, obesity, which means that the body mass index (BMI) is greater than or equal to 30, almost everyone They have fatty liver; but don’t take it lightly, if life is unhealthy, abdominal fat is too high, it may be a high-risk group. In the modern life of eating disorders and lack of exercise, fatty liver, which used to be almost exclusively known for alcoholism, is now the epidemic of the 21st century, and everyone must be careful.

What is fatty liver?

Fatty liver refers to the fat content of the liver, more than 5% of the liver weight, that is, excessive fat stored in the liver, there are two main types: alcoholic fatty liver, non-alcoholic fatty liver. Long-term drinking can cause alcoholic fatty liver, severe can lead to alcoholic fatty hepatitis, even alcoholic liver cirrhosis; rather, non-alcoholic fatty liver, which is not enough to cause liver damage, but liver With too much fat, fatty deposits mainly occur in Macrovesicle, the fatty liver of most people.

Why suffer from fatty liver?

When blood flow brings too much fatty acids to the liver, more than the hepatocytes can handle, it accumulates in the liver and forms fatty liver. In addition to diseases (e.g. diabetes) and alcohol consumption, non-alcoholic fatty liver occurs in relation to diet, environment and personal physiology. Among them, obesity and metabolic syndrome are the number one killer of fatty liver, non-alcoholic Fatty liver is also a manifestation of metabolic syndrome in the liver, which is also known as metabolic fatty hepatitis in the past. Simply put, modern people eat too well and lack of exercise are the main causes of fatty liver.

Possible diseases that’s brought by fatty liver

Any symptoms and diseases caused by obesity may occur in fatty liver patients. Please note that fatty liver is very similar to heart disease and stroke causes. Therefore, pay special attention to the probability of an attack. Fatty liver is not a disease, but it is important to control it. Otherwise, in addition to developing various diseases, it is more likely to cause liver inflammation and even cirrhosis.

Nonalcoholic fatty hepatitis (NASH)

The fatty liver condition causes liver inflammation or impairment of liver function. Although there is a chance of cirrhosis, the condition is generally stable. Compared to alcoholic fatty liver, up to 50% may develop cirrhosis, while non-alcoholic fatty liver is between 4% and 26%. Therefore, people with fatty liver should not drink alcohol.

Fibross and Cirrhosis

Liver inflammation can cause fibrosis and eventually become cirrhosis, a few of which develop directly into liver cancer. As soon as hepatic fibrosis begins, it requires early and active treatment, and once cirrhosis, it becomes more difficult to restore health.

Symptoms of fatty liver

People with fatty liver may have hepatic enlargement, particularly fatigue, and pain in the right upper abdomen. However, most people with non-alcoholic fatty liver do not have any symptoms, even if they have developed hepatitis, they may not have obvious symptoms. Although ultrasound can diagnose the presence of fatty liver, neither ultrasound nor tomography, nor even MRI, can detect the development of hepatitis. can only be diagnosed by liver slices.However, sometime it has no symptoms at all. Therefore, regular body check is recommended

Prevention and treatment of fatty liver

Prevention and treatment of fatty liver is the same. Weight loss and exercise are the most effective methods at present. In many cases, correct weight loss can directly improve the condition of fatty liver, but remember not to lose weight too quickly. Damage to health can also be counterproductive, making fatty liver more severe, and most importantly, weight loss must be sustained. In addition, if fatty liver has already caused a disease, consult a doctor and treat it!