Irritable Bowel Syndrome Explained - Nepal Medicos Times
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Irritable Bowel Syndrome Explained

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Many people have experience with stomach pain or irritable bowel syndrome, but whatever kind of pain it is, there’s usually a good solution. But the trouble is that when your stomach pain is sometimes not just pain, it’s other symptoms. is the most uncomfortable thing.

What is Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Irritable Bowel Syndrome is a chronic condition of the digestive system with symptoms such as spasms, abdominal pain, swelling, flatulence, diarrhea, and constipation. About one in five people have Irritable Bowel Syndrome, and most of those who first have it are between the ages of 20 and 30; women are about twice as likely as men. Although not like other diseases, the risk of Irritable Bowel Syndrome is constantly increasing and threatens life, it is like a chronic disease and requires proper care over a long period of time.
Symptoms vary from person to person, and the symptoms vary greatly from person to person. Symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome are possible from a few days to several months. Symptoms can take longer if the patient’s stress increases or eat certain foods. However, if the patient’s intestinal peristalsis progresses, the symptoms of the sickness will also be improved. Although it is a lifetime sickness, as long as you do self-health management and care, most symptoms and conditions can still be improved.

What are the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome

The occurrence of irritable bowel syndrome is closely related to abdominal pain and intestinal peristalsis. For example, some people only had constipation or diarrhea, but soon after, constipation and diarrhea occur alternately. In general, pain in irritable bowel syndrome becomes more severe after eating, but after intestinal peristalsis, the level of pain can be reduced. Symptoms of this disease change over time, resulting in different symptoms, and sometimes even disappearing symptoms may recur from time to time.

The following are common symptoms of intestinal irritable syndrome:
  • Stomach pain, cramps.
  • Changes in intestinal peristalsis, such as diarrhea becomes constipation, or both.
  • Swelling of the stomach.
  • Flatulence, continuous fart (Flatulence, also known as gastrointestinal gas).
  • There is an urgent need to go to the toilet at any time.
  • After you finish the toilet, you feel that your intestine is not clean.
  • There are mucus in the stool.

What causes irritable bowel syndrome

The cause of irritable bowel syndrome is still unclear, although most experts believe it is related to increased intestinal sensitivity and food digestion problems. Some experts even point out that in terms of psychological factors, there is a two-way communication between the brain and the intestine, and the brain plays an important role in controlling the intestinal tract, so it can also be regarded as a brain, intestine Road is closely associated with the disease. This means that you are more sensitive to pain from the intestine, and the brain will empty the intestine in response to the pain feeling. When food passes too slowly or too quickly, constipation or diarrhea can be caused. Psychological factors such as stress can also cause irritable bowel syndrome.

How to Fix it?

Irritable bowel syndrome can’t be completely cured, but by changing your diet and adjusting your lifestyle, you can control your symptoms well. Here are some ways to help improve symptoms:
  • Avoid eating foods that can cause your symptoms.
  • Increase the amount of fiber you consume.
  • Do more exercise regularly.
  • Reduces stress.

Physicians sometimes prescribe medications for individual symptoms of irritable bowel syndrom. Because medication can help patients improve symptoms if life adjustment methods do not fully relieve the symptoms of intestinal irritability. People with mild and moderate symptoms of irritable bowel syndrom only occasionally need medication, such as:


Dicyclomine, suitable for smooth muscle spasms, gastrointestinal spasms.


suitable for gastric ulcers, excessive gastric acid secretion.

Antidiarrhoeal agents

  • Loperamide, Diphenoxylate.
  • Anxiety drugs

If I have it, How can I deal with it

The onset of the sickness is unpredictable. You may not have any symptoms for months, but it’s not long before the symptoms are suddenly onset. Therefore, the key to the sickness is to understand any factors related to your body or stress that can cause an onset, and start with a life adjustment. If patients eat certain foods that can cause symptoms or make symptoms worse, reduce or avoid consumption. If you feel a stomach pain or discomfort after eating, please reduce the number of meals and increase the number of meals.
People with intestinal irritable syndrome should eat more foods with high fibre content. Fiber helps relieve constipation and diarrhea. The following foods contain water-soluble fiber:
  • Oatmeal.
  • Fruits such as bananas, apples.
  • Root vegetables such as carrots, potatoes.
  • Whole wheat bread.
  • cereals.
  • Nuts and seeds, except Golden Linseed.

In addition to changing diet items, you also need to change your diet. The following practices can help patients improve symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome:
Meal times are fixed, so you can enjoy your meal slowly.
Remember to eat every meal, don’t take too long between meals.
Drink at least 8 large cups of liquid a day, especially to drink plenty of boiling water, along with other non-caffeine beverages, such as: decaffeinated herbal tea.
Daily intake of tea and coffee, no more than 3 cups.
Reduce intake of alcoholic and sparkling beverages.
Resistant starch is a starch that is not decomposed by the small intestine. After entering the large intestine, it is fermented into short-chain fatty acids. , there is no calories, but a sense of satiety, helps maintain blood sugar stability. Resistant starch is common in processed foods or microwave heated foods.
Limited to 3 servings of fruit per day, half a grapefruit or apple, is a good choice for patients with the sickness.
If you have diarrhea, do not consume sugar free but sorbitol chewing gum or beverages; in addition, diabetic foods and slimming products contain sorbitol.
If you have flatulence, eating oats can improve the situation.
As intestinal peristalsis is affected by the brain, the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome become worse when pressure increases. At this point, take a good rest and relax to relieve stress and avoid the onset of irritable syndrome. Many people with irritable bowel syndrome often experience depression and anxiety. Learn more about the syndrome, build a good medical relationship with your physician and take care of yourself to reduce stress.
If you are feeling depression and anxiety about everyday life, please inform your doctor that these problems can be improved after treatment. Your physician may advise you to take antidepressants with Cognitive behavioral therapy, or direct treatment of symptoms; in With appropriate medications and psychotherapy, patients can still have a normal, complete and active life despite irritable bowel syndrome.

Read: Asthma – Why A Good Diet is Essential